There are many ways to stop, start, pause, and restart SQL Server service in Windows. This article shows two easiest, quickest, and most common ways to stop/start SQL Server service, which apply to MSSQL Server 2014/2012/2008/2005.
Step 1: Click Windows Start button and then select SQL Server Configuration Manager to open it. If you can’t find it after clicking Start, click All Programs ->Microsoft SQL Server -> Configuration Tools -> SQL Server Configuration Manager.
Step 2: Click the SQL Server Services. Select the instance name and right click it. Then select Start, stop, pause, resume or restart to change the state of your SQL Server service.
Step 1: Click Windows Start button. Type cmd in the search box. Right click cmd.exe and select Run as administrator to open "Command Prompt" as administrator.
Step 2: Run net commands to stop/start your SQL Server service.
Or run the following net commands to change the state of SQL Server service.
Tips: Replace "SQLEXPRESS" with your own database server instance name.