Share Files, Folders or Drives Between Host and Hyper-V Virtual Machine

File sharing in Hyper-V virtual machine

Shared folders and drives are useful for file exchanges between different machines. This article provides information about sharing files, folders, and drives between the host and Hyper-V virtual machines. With these following methods, you can easily copy and paste files from the host operating system to the guest operating system and vice versa.

Method 1: Share drives using Virtual Machine Connection

A virtual machine connection (VMConnect) allows you to use your computer’s local resources in a virtual machine. Enhanced session mode allows files to be transferred between virtual machines through clipboard copy and paste operations. In order to successfully share files, you need to do the following:

1. Ensure that Enhanced session mode settings are enabled on the Hyper-V host.

Start Hyper-V Manager, and in the Actions section, select “Hyper-V Settings“.

Hyper V settings

Make sure that enhanced session mode is allowed in the Server section. Then, make sure that the enhanced session mode is available in the User section.

Enable and use enhanced session mode

2. Enable Hyper-V Guest Services for your virtual machine

Right-click on Virtual Machine > Settings. Select the Integration Services in the left-lower coner of the menu. Check Guest Service and click OK.

Enable guest services

Steps to share devices with Hyper-v virtual machine:

Step 1: Start a virtual machine and click Show Options in the pop-up windows.

Connect to the virtual machine

Step 2: View local resources. Then, select the “More…” menu.

Click more

Step 3: From there, you can choose which devices to share. Removable drives are especially useful for file sharing.

Choose the devices that you want to use

Step 4: Choose to Save my settings for future connections to this virtual machine.

save settings for future connections to this virtual machine

Step 5: Click Connect. Drive sharing is now complete, and you will see the shared drive in this PC>Network Locations section of Windows Explorer after using the enhanced session mode to sigh to the VM. You should now be able to copy files from a physical machine and paste them into a virtual machine, and vice versa.

Shared drives from local resource

How can I check if you are running in enhanced session mode

You can check your connection type using the Enhanced Session Mode icon at the top of the Virtual Machine Connect tool (VMConnect). This button also allows you to switch between basic and enhanced session modes.

Switch between basic and enhanced session modes

Method 2: Share files, folders, or drives over the network

In Windows OS, files and folders can be shared across the network, allowing desktops and laptops to access information without physically accessing the computer. For example, users may share an entire document or video folder, and anyone else with access can open these files, edit and save them – even remove them if permissions permit.

Open File Explorer, select a folder, select the Share tab. Then, in the Share with section, select Specific people.

Share folder with specific people

Select the users or groups you want to share with. Here we select Everyone and click Add.

Share folder with everyone

Configure the permission level. Windows computers provide two basic privilege levels for sharing files:

  • Read: The recipient can open the file and view its contents but cannot change the file without making a separate copy.
  • Read/Write: The recipient can both view and change the file contents and save (overwrite) the file at its current location.

Here we choose to read/write. After that, click the “Share” button.

Sharing permission: read and write access

Next, click Done. Your folder is shared.

Note: To share filing over the network, you need to turn on the network discovery and file sharing for your host and the guest operating systems. You can enable them from the Advanced Sharing Settings page or the Network window.

Advanced sharing settings

In the virtual machine, open the File Explorer, go to the Network, and you will see an error message (“Network Discovery is off…”), you need to turn on Network Discovery to view the devices that share files on the network. To turn it on, click “Network discovery is turned off…” and select Turn on network discovery and file sharing.

Turn on network discovery and file sharing

Drive sharing is now complete, and you can view shared drives in the “This PC” > “Network Locations” section of Windows Explorer. Now you should be able to easily transfer files between the two systems.

Shared drive

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